Dieste [Uruguay]

Dieste [Uruguay]

Film by Heinz Emigholz

D 2015-17, DCP, 95 min, 5.1
Streetscapes – Chapter IV
Photography und beyond – Part 27
Architecture as Autobiography
Eladio Dieste (1917–2000)

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Written and directed by Heinz Emigholz
Cinematography, Editing: Heinz Emigholz, Till Beckmann
Camera assistence: Manja Ebert, Nacho Rodríguez
Scout: Hans Thalgott
Original Sound: Markus Ruff
Sound Design: Christian Obermaier, Jochen Jezussek
Mixing: Jochen Jezussek
Postproduction: Till Beckmann
Produktion Service Uruguay: Micaela Solé, Cordón Films
Produktion Management: Patricia Olveira, Markus Ruff
Producers: Frieder Schlaich, Irene von Alberti
Produced by Filmgalerie 451

Thanks  Miguel Ángel, Pardo Álvarez, Padre Antonio, Carlos Arakelián, William Rey Ashfield, Karla Atanasio, Federico Barrios, Hebert Bibiloni, Gabriela Bonino, Álvaro Cabrera, Nelda Cajías, Marcelo Capeci, Ivonne Chapuis, Marcelo Corbo, Oscar Corlazzoli, Mario Couture, Leandro Deambrosi, Rodolfo Deambrosi, Gustavo Debone, Luciano Díaz, Padre Luis Díaz, Rafael DiDonato, Antonio Dieste, Filipe Dieste, Padre Ernaldo, Martín Etcheverry, Betina Ferreres, Freddy Freire, Jorge Garzón, Jessica Godoy, Herbert González, Juan Gruber, Magdalena Hudson, Nelson Inda, Margarita Irigoyen, Miguel Ángel Irrazabal, Víctor Jerez, Pedro Luis Jiménez Langa, Gabriela Leivas, Señora Leonor, Benjamín Liberoff, Señora Lourdes, Señor Manuel, Trinidad Yunquera Martin, Luis Martínez, Señor Mejeses, Ramón Manrique de Mesa, Javier Morales, Walter Nessi, Lilli Müller, Mónica Nieto, Dankwart Northe, Estela Oberti, Javier Olazabal, Pedro Otegui, Juan Pablo, Hugo Parodi, Carlos Pintos, Zuzanna Plech, Lukas Rinner, Javier Rodriguez, Álvaro Rosa, Irene Ross, Adrián Santos, Wilde Schenck, Peter Slowak, Pedro Luis Mielgo Torres, Pablo Tróccoli, Ignacio Varela, Carlos Venturini, Javier Villar, Slawomir Wiktorowicz

and Agencia Bortagaray, Alfa Chauffeur-Service Montevideo, Autopalace Montevideo, Barracas Lanas Trinidad, Botschaft der Republik Östlich des Uruguay in der BRD, Casa Berlingieri, Casa Dieste, Club Remeros, Colier S.A., Comisión del Patrimonio Cultural de la Nación Uruguay, CYD Ingenieros, Departamento Arquitectura del Obispado de Alcalá de Henares, Depósito Saltorrevieja, Facultad Ingeniería Montevideo, Fundación Don Pedro, Garage Ambulancias Salud Pública, Gimnasio Don Bosco, Iglesia Atlántida, Iglesia Malvín, Iglesia Cristo Obrero, Iglesia La Sagrada Familia, Iglesia San Juan de Avila, Iglesia San Pedro Durazno, Iglesia Virgen de Bélen, Ministerio de Turismo Uruguay, Montevideo Shopping, Museo Vilamajó, Packing Caputto, Parador Ayui, Parroquia La Santa Cru, Parroquia de Madre del Rosario, Planta Lanas Trinidad, Puerto Nueva Palmira, Refrescos del Norte, Silo Young – Copagrán, La Solana Hotel Boutique, TEM Unilever, Terminal Omnibus, Torre Canal 7, Timac Agro Uruguay


Copyright 2017 by Filmgalerie 451 and Heinz Emigholz

29 buildings by the Uruguayan architect Eladio Dieste in Uruguay and Spain. As Prologue three buildings by Julio Vilamajó in Montevideo

The film shows the following buildings:

Prolog: Three buildings by JulioVilamajó in Montevideo, Uruguay
Casa Vilamajó (1930)
Garage Building (1931)
Facultad Ingenieria (1937)

Hauptteil (Buildings by Eladio Dieste in Uruguay):
Church of Christ the Worker (1955-60), Atlántida
Casa Dieste (1959-63), Montevideo
Autopalace (1964), Montevideo
Lanas Wool Industry Complex (1964-89), Trinidad
Church of Our Lady of Lourdes Parish House (1965-68), Malvín
Church of Saint Peter (1967-71), Durazno
Municipal Bus Terminal (1971-74), Salto
Gymnasium (1973-75), Durazno
Service Station (1976), Salto
Cítricos Caputto Fruit Packing Plant (1971-77), Salto
Ayui Parador Café (1977), Salto
Cooperativa Agrícola (1976-78), Young
Carugatti Construction Equipment Garage (1979), Montevideo
Agroindustries Fruit Processing Plant (1976-80), Juanicó
Refrescos del Norte (1976-80), Salto
Club Romeros (1980), Salto
Turlit Bus Station (1980), Salto
Lanera Uruguaya Wool Warehouse (1980-82), Montevideo
Don Bosco School Gymnasium (1984), Montevideo
Navíos Horizontal Silos (1981-90), Nueva Palmira
Shopping Center (1984-88), Montevideo
Television Tower (1986), Maldonado
Wool Warehouse (1992-94), Juanicó
Solsire Salt Silo (1992-94), Montevideo

Appendix (Buildings by Eladio Dieste in Spain):
Church and Parish Center Nuestra Madre del Rosario (1995-97), Mejorada del Campo
Church and Parish Center San Juan de Ávila (1997), Alcalá de Henares
Student’s Street Camino de los Estudiantes (1996-98), Alcalá de Henares
Church of the Holy Family (1998), Alcalá de Henares
Church of Santa Cruz de Coslada (1998), Coslada

Stills from Dieste [Uruguay]:

Eladio Dieste

Eladio Dieste was born in Artigas, Uruguay in 1917. In 1943, he graduated as a construction engineer from the University of Montevideo. He and his wife Elizabeth Friedheim, a German- Jewish immigrant, had twelve children. Starting in 1945, he taught at the Department of Engineering at the University of Montevideo. He gathered practical experience in bridge building and as an architect for various companies. In 1946, Dieste built the first reinforced brick shell for the architect Antoni Bonet in Maldonado. A spectacular load test proved that reinforced, double-curved brick shells are stronger than reinforced concrete. In 1956, Dieste and his former fellow student Eugenio Montañez founded a company that further developed this construction method and used it for most of his constructions. He led a group of masons, concrete workers, and ceramicists whose great craftsmanship made it possible to carry out this new construction technique. Eladio Dieste’s innovations and alternative construction methods were more efficient than conventional methods for a long time and made it possible to build large spans in a manner never seen before. Today he is regarded as an outstanding construction-engineering artist comparable to Eugène Freyssinet, Robert Maillart and Heinz Isler. His writings on architecture and construction and his ideas on creating form and on the relationship between architecture and art establish him as a profound thinker on social architectonic practice. Dieste died in 2000 in Montevideo.

The opposite of negligence    

„In order for something to truly reach modest people it must have a lightness, a mysterious ease, a concise simplicity, something like dance without effort or fatigue. It does not satisfy them, and they are right not to be satisfied, when a difficulty is resolved using blind force or money. They want the problem to be solved with the same effortlessness with which the sparrow hawk stays aloft and each flower in the field, when we really see them, is the center of a mysterious landscape and 'not even Solomon, in all his glory, was dressed like one of them' (Matthäus 6:28,29). To perceive something in this way shows a penetration that is as delicate as the sweetness that the coarsest hands acquire when they caress the head of a child.

For those who are suspicious of anything that has an emotional charge, I want to clarify something. Like all human deeds that are dense with emotional force, what I have depicted above comes at the end of a rationally well-anchored chain of events. Behind the resolution of a problem that employs blind force and money, there is always the negligence, and behind the negligence there is the disdain or thoughtlessness and superficiality (which are other forms of disdain) of he who does not examine himself. This disdain is definetely contempt for human effort or of mankind itself; here, I think we have touched a common basis, something that we all agree on – the value of mankind. The grace that we demand from art is a flower of effort and energy, which is the opposite of negligence.“

Eladio Dieste in: Art, People, Technocracy